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If you make a comparison from Voltaire and Tolstoy, we will see the significance of Nietzsche's criticism.
Voltaire as a member of the Enlightenment, Nietzsche both criticized him and liked him: on the one hand, the quest for otherworldly truth and certainty is nothing but a disease; on the other hand, Nietzsche liked Voltaire's passion.
" Voltaire's enemies, like all those Romantics, from Victor Hugo to the Goncourt brothers, the last of the Romantic divines, showed a devotion to Rousseau, a whiting under the mask that makes me suspect that in the bones of Romanticism existed the resentment of pariahs... Voltaire was a great and witty "scoundrel" (original French: canaille); but I agree with Father Galliani:
‘un monstre gai vaut mieux
qu'un sentimental ennuyeux. ’
-- Nietzsche in Nice, November 24, 1887; to Peter Gast in Venice[MT]"
And Tolstoy brought Christianity back to the Enlightenment, imprinting the process of the light going out. I think it is purely a matter of quality of mind. Upon comparison, we find that the true light is enough to illuminate the musty cellar even if only for a moment.
This is not only due to religion, but points out why the light of enlightenment necessarily go into decay. Why the revolution is going to its own opposite.